河南师范大学学报(自然科学版)

2021, v.49;No.221(06) 82-90

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河南省国家级传统村落空间可达性及影响因素研究
Research on spatial accessibility and influencing factors of national traditional villages in Henan Province

付强;杨壮;董锁成;杨红新;牛智慧;许文璐;
Fu Qiang;Yang Zhuang;Dong Suocheng;Yang Hongxin;Niu Zhihui;Xu Wenlu;College of Tourism, Henan Normal University;Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences;

摘要(Abstract):

以河南省215个国家级传统村落为研究对象,综合运用ArcGIS,SPSS和高德地图等工具软件,借助核密度、空间插值、地理加权回归等分析方法,对河南省国家级传统村落的空间分布规律、空间可达性及影响因素进行研究,结论是:(1)河南省国家级传统村落存在着豫北、豫中和豫南3个集聚区;(2)河南省国家级传统村落的平均最短时间距离为234.11 min,总体上空间可达性水平不高,分布不均衡;(3)客源市场分析表明,豫中集聚区发展潜力较大;(4)地理加权回归方法更适用于本研究,高程、坡度和路网密度与传统村落空间可达性呈正向关系,水系距离、城市综合实力与传统村落空间可达性呈负向关系;(5)豫北集聚区的主要影响因素是路网密度和城市综合实力,豫中集聚区的主要影响因素是路网密度,豫南集聚区的主要影响因素涵盖了论文分析的5种因素.
This article takes 215 national traditional villages in Henan province as the research object, comprehensively using of ArcGIS, SPSS, Gaode Map and other tools software and by means of nuclear density, spatial interpolation and geographically weighted regression analysis, etc, it studies the spatial distribution, spatial accessibility and influencing factors of national traditional villages in Henan Province. The main conclusions are as follows:(1)there are three agglomeration regions of national traditional villages in Henan Province, namely, north, middle and south of Henan Province.(2) The average shortest distance between the national traditional villages in Henan Province is 234.11 minutes. Overall, the level of spatial accessibility is not high and the distribution is uneven.(3) The analysis of the tourist market shows that the development potential of the central Henan agglomeration area is great.(4)GWR method is more suitable for this study. The elevation, gradient and the density of road network are positively related to spatial accessibility of traditional villages. The distance of river system, the comprehensive strength of city and the spatial accessibility of traditional villages are negatively related.(5) The main influencing factors of agglomeration area in North Henan are the density of road network and city comprehensive strength, the main influencing factors of the agglomeration area in Central Henan are the density of road network, the main influencing factors of the agglomeration area in Southern Henan are all five factors.

关键词(KeyWords): 国家级传统村落;空间可达性;地理加权回归;影响因素
national traditional villages;spatial accessibility;geographically weighted regression;influence factor

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金(41801171);; 2021年度河南省社科联调研课题(SKL-2021-1019)

作者(Author): 付强;杨壮;董锁成;杨红新;牛智慧;许文璐;
Fu Qiang;Yang Zhuang;Dong Suocheng;Yang Hongxin;Niu Zhihui;Xu Wenlu;College of Tourism, Henan Normal University;Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences;

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DOI: 10.16366/j.cnki.1000-2367.2021.06.012

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